Three Letter 'a' words as in 'cat'

 return to the Phonogram or sound directory

 

 When a child first enters a teacher's care they have a reasonable vocabulary and they are using most of the sounds that we use in the  english language. What they can't do  is break words into the individual sounds and to write the representation for each particular sound.

The word reservoirs are not a prescriptive list  of words that children need to know. Rather they are a list of words from which you can choose appropriate examples of sounds that need to be taught. For example if we choose to word  'at' we are in fact teaching  the representation of two sounds the 'a' and the 't'. If a child can identify  the two letters in 'at', they have the basis of identifying  the  representation of the three sounds in the word  'cat'.  Therefore, when I teach 'cat', I am reviewing the word 'at'.  I will draw attention to the word by asking the  children  if they can see a word that we've talked about before in the word 'cat'.

 A lot of teaching schemes begin with the word 'sat' but I prefer to start with 'cat'. My reason is that many children with learning difficulties, use the first and the last sounds as a clue to the word. With the word 'sat' there are also 'sit' and 'set'  and I find  that if I have a simple sentence that uses 'set' or 'sit' then they will opt for the word 'sat'. It takes a little longer to get the comprehension of those words because of their similarity. Teaching children with learning difficulties can be very precarious and I seek to minimise the difficulties.  In the example  given in the previous paragraph I am actually encouraging the  children to look at middle sounds. A simple principle for making of list size and words is to keep them small enough for students to be able to remember them.

Words for using with children to consolidate memory or check understanding of letter sounds.  
abs act add amp an
and ant ant
apt   as
 ass  at

bad

bag

ban

bat  cab cad   can  cap
cat dab dad dam fad 
fan fat fax   gad  gag

gap

 had  hag  ham  has
hat   

 

rat

pat

jam

 

van

Words used for checking  and testing undeerstanding
 sat

lap

sad

ran

 

mat 

pad

pan

mad

 

tan

lad

 

         
   

sap

 

nap

rag lag rap    

 

lax

apt

ago

 

 

  Letters taught or tested and checked:

  a,b,c,d,f,g,h,j,l,m,n,p,r.s,t,v.

 

 

When a child understands the phonogram, the reproduction of three letter words that the child has not heard should be quite straightforward.

The only difficulty is a word where a letter is repeated like 'add'. With the word 'add'  only two sounds are clear and if the word is unknown a child could easily write 'ad'.  In this case knowledge of the word itself is important