A Word Reservoir

Have you ever tried to teach the word ‘said’?

A word reservoir is what I like call the groups of words that are listed, not according to dictionary order, but phonogram or phoneme order. The lists are comprehensive, so that the phonograms can be taught or reviewed at any grade level and complexity. My experience is that the lower grades put a great deal of effort into teaching the various sounds in the English language but as a child goes up the grade levels they are taught less and less and some children forget them which tends to handicap their reading and writing.

There are two reasons for forgetting the basic sounds taught in lower grades. The first reason is because word knowledge increases and phonogram knowledge is no longer needed. This is what we want, but it does not happen with all children.  

Introduction

 

200 High Frequency words

 

1. the

2. of

3. and

4. a

5. to

6. in

7. is

8. you

9. that

10. it

11. he

12. was

13. for

14. on

15. are

16. as

17. with

18. his

19. they

20. I

21. at

22. be

23. this

24. have

25. from

26. or

27. one

28. had

29. by

30. words

31. but

32. not

33. what

34. all

35. were

36. we

37. when

38. your

39. can

40 said

41. there

42. use

43. an

44. each

45. which

46. she

47. do

48. How

49.their

50. If

51. will

52. up

53. other

54. about

55. out

56. many

57. then

58. them

59. these

60. so

61. some

62. her

63. would

64. make

65. like

66. him

67. into

68. time

69. has

70. look

71. two

72 . more

73. write

74. go

75. see

76. number

77. no

78. way

79. could

80. People

81. my

82. than

83. first

84. water

85. been

86. called

87. who

88. am

89. its

90. now

91. now

92. find

93. down

94. day

95. did

96. get

97. come

98. made

99. may

100. part

 

Second 100 high frequency words

 

101. over

102. new

103. sound

104. take

105.only

106. little

107. work

108. know

109. place

110. years

111. live

112. me

113. back

114. give

115. most

116. very

117. after

118. things

119. our

120. just

121. name

122. good

123. sentence

124. man

125. think

126. say

127. great

128. where

129. help

130. through

131. much

132. before

133. line

134. right

135. too

136. means

137. old

138. any

139. same

140. tell

141. boy

142. follow

143. came

144. want

145. show

146. also

147. around

148. form

149. three

150. small

151. set

152. put

153. end

154. does

155. another

156. well

157.large

158. must

159. big

160. even

161.  such

162. because

163. turn

164. here

165. why

166. ask

167. went

168. men

169. read

170. need

171. land

172. different

173. home

174. us

175. move

176. try

177. kind

178. hand

179. picture

180. again

181. change

182. off

183. play

184. spell

185. air

186. away

187. animal

188. house

189. point

190. page

191. letter

192. mother

193. answer

194. found

195. study

196. still

197. learn

198. should

199. Australia

200. world

 

First Hundred words Phonetically

 

a, a=a-e, a=ar, a=or, a=o-e, a=e

d

c, c=s

s-sit, s-please

o, o=o-e, o=oo o=u

f

g-girl, g=j-gem

h

t

r

n

e-egg, e-he

i-hit, i-time

m

p

l-late, ll-fall

u-cup, u-rule, cute

j

b

i-in, i-bite

x-next, x-xylem

z

v

w

k

y-funny, y-cry,

y-yellow y=gym

qu

er,

ir

ur

ear

wor-worm

th-breath th-breathe

sh

ee

ay

ai

ow-now ow-snow

ou-round ou-souls ou-hour/tour ou-country

oy

oi

ch-chip, ch-orchid, ch-chef

au-cause, au-sausage

aw-straw

ng-rung

oo-foot,  oo-spoon

eu-dew,

ew-stew

ui-fruit, ui-nuisance

ea-eat, ea-bread, ea-great

ar-car,

ar-warm

or

ck

oa

wh

igh

ed-graded, ed-loved, ed-helped

ey-money, ey-hey

wr

kn

eight

tch

oe-toe

ough-though (o), ough-through(oo),

ough-rough (uf), ough-trough(off), ough-thought (aw/or) ough-bough(ow/ou)

dge

ph

ti

si-mission, si-vision

ci

ie-believe,

ie-pie

ei-deceive,

ei-vein

augh-taught, augh-laugh.

gn-gnat

gu-guide, gu-language

gh

sc-science

eu-neutral

ere-there, air-fair, are-dare, eir-heir, ear-pear

Silent l

Silent b

     

 

‘o’ as in ‘on’

 

2. of

       

Note the sound of the ‘f’ in of is very similar to the ‘v’

 

e as ‘e’ as in ‘he’

 

11. he

       

 

‘th’ as in ‘breath’

 

1. the

       

Compound Words

Compound Words

Introduction

 

What you join

Compound word

Noun + Noun

flagpole, rainbow, sailboat

Adjective + Noun

bluebird, barefoot

Noun + adjective

footloose headstrong

Preposition + noun

Inside, outboard

Verb + Noun

spoilsport, cutthroat

Verb + adverb

farewell, walkover



airline

alongside

anybody

anywhere

armchair

backbone

backyard

baseball

basketball

bathroom

bedroom

beehive

campfire

candlestick

cannot

carport

classroom

crossroads

crossword

daybreak

daytime

doorbell

downstairs

downhill

driveway

eggshell

everybody

everywhere

farewell

farmhouse

fingerprint

firewood

fireworks

flagpole

football

footpath

footprint

gingerbread

grasshopper

halfway

handbag

handshake

handwriting

headline

herself

highway

hillside

himself

homemade

homework

horseshoe

household

however

jellyfish

keyhole

ladybird

lampshade

landowner

lighthouse

limestone

lipstick

mailbox

matchbox

necklace

newspaper

oatmeal

outfit

overcoat

pancake

peanut

playground

railroad

railway

rooftop

rowboats

sailboats

seashell

shopkeeper

shopfront

somebody

somehow

someone

something

spaceship

strawberry

sunburn

sunset

tablecloth

teaspoon

thunderstorm

toothbrush

toothpaste

underground

underline

upon

upset

upstairs

vineyard

walkover

wallpaper

warehouse

watchband

waterfall

weekend

whatever

windmill

without

worthwhile

whenever

moonlight

tonight

midnight

sunlight

highway

midway

mankind

withhold

     

Subcategories

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